100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.

Clement L. Vallandingham

Clement L. Vallandingham

Political Opposition in the Civil War

“Declaring Sympathies with the Enemy will no Longer be Tolerated”

Ex parte Vallandingham

68 U.S. (1 Wall.) 243 (1864)

During the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln was deeply concerned about Democratic Party opposition to the Union's war efforts. The antiwar movement of “Peace Democrats” and rebel sympathizers or, as Lincoln characterized them, “the fire in the rear,” was well organized and vocal. In September 1862 he took the unusual and controversial measures of declaring martial law for “all persons discouraging volunteer enlistments, resisting militia drafts or guilty of any disloyal practice, affording aid and comfort to Rebels” and suspending the writ of habeas corpus “for all persons … imprisoned in any fort, camp … or other place of confinement ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles