100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.

Pat Tornillo

Pat Tornillo

Freedom of the Press

“Anyone could Silence the Press by Becoming a Candidate” a candidate”

Miami Herald v. Tornillo

418 U.S. 241 (1974)

Pat Tornillo has been the head of the teachers’ union in Dade County (Miami), Florida, since the late 1960s. Born in 1926, he was christened Pasquale Tornillo and raised in an Italian neighborhood in Newark, New Jersey. He served in the South Pacific at the end of World War II and in 1956 moved to Florida, where he taught English to middle school students and worked nights at a bowling alley.

Tornillo's first association with union organizing came when he promoted a merger between Dade County's two existing and racially segregated teachers’ unions, a merger he won by forty-three votes. Like all union leaders, Tornillo ...

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