100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.

Daniel Seeger

Daniel Seeger

The Meaning of Pacifism

“A Religious Faith in a Purely Ethical Creed”

United States v. Seeger

380 U.S. 163 (1965)

At Queens College, Daniel Seeger found himself wrestling with John Milton alongside nuclear physics. But it was a four-semester sequence of courses in western thinking and art called “Contemporary Civilization” that led him to the Quakers and ultimately to the U.S. Supreme Court, where the justices extended conscientious objector status to people who do not believe in God in a traditional way.

In one of his numerous writings for Pendel Hill, the Quaker Center for Study and Contemplation in Wallingford, Pennsylvania, Seeger noted, “Quakerism is a spirituality that is rooted in direct experience rather than abstract theory or theology. … Any peace witness must be rooted in our ...

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