100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.

Ernesto Pichardo

Ernesto Pichardo

The Practice of Santeria

“Government may not Enact Laws that Suppress Religious Belief”

Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc. and Ernesto Pichardo v. City of Hialeah

508 U.S. 520 (1993)

Ernesto Pichardo (1954-) arrived with the first major wave of Cuban immigrants to land in the United States after Fidel Castro's rise to power in 1959. Like many other immigrants, he and his family sought freedom from repression of their beliefs. He left Cuba with his brother, mother, and the man who would become his stepfather. About a decade later they founded the Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye. They were spiritualists in the tradition of the Lukumi religion, popularly known as “Santeria,” which is identified with ritual animal sacrifice. In 1974 they opened “the ...

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