100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.

Leo Nebbia

Leo Nebbia

Protest against Price-Fixing

“This Robbery Must Stop Soon or Reform will be too Late”

Nebbia v. New York

291 U.S. 502 (1934)

The case of Nebbia v. New York (1934) is a particular favorite with writers of constitutional law textbooks. It is not often that a landmark ruling with transformative implications for government-market relations includes so memorable a line as “Milk is an essential item of diet.” The U.S. Supreme Court's acknowledgment of the nutritional value of dairy is all the more noteworthy because in this case it was asked to decide the fundamental question of whether government could fix prices and override the immutable laws of supply and demand. Indeed, the Court had already ruled on this question in various contexts for more than forty years, ...

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