100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.

Lambdin P. Milligan

Lambdin P. Milligan

Constitutional Rights in Wartime

“No Doctrine, Involving More Pernicious Consequences, was Ever Invented”

Ex parte Milligan

71 U.S. (4 Wall.) 2 (1866)

Lambdin P. Milligan (1812–1899), Indiana lawyer, politician, and antiwar Democrat, was the subject of a treason trial during the Civil War. His outspoken antiwar views and his alleged association with a secret society called the Sons of Liberty resulted in his conviction by military tribunal. Like most of his fellow antiwar protesters, Milligan's reasons for opposing the war were not based on noble ideas of conciliation and pacifism. Instead, Milligan believed that the only way to maintain his region's political and economic status was to end the war.

Milligan was born in Belmont County, Ohio. He was not formally educated, but his father possessed ...

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