100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.
Living as Man and Wife
“It is Just Unfair that I can't Live with Her in Virginia”
Loving v. Virginia
338 U.S. 1 (1967)
One night in July 1958, two newlyweds—Richard and Mildred Loving—asleep at home in Caroline County, Virginia, were startled awake by the sound of men in their room and the [Page 120]glare of flashlights on their faces. One of the three intruders demanded to know who they were and what they were doing in bed together. Mildred Loving murmured, “I'm his wife,” and Richard Loving pointed to a marriage certificate hanging on the wall. “That's no good here,” retorted the trio's leader, Sheriff R. Garnett Brooks. He was arresting them for the crime of marrying each other, because Richard was white and Mildred was ...