100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.

Dietrich Loewe

Dietrich Loewe

The Labor Trust

“I Knew that all the Employees were Satisfied”

The Danbury Hatters’ Case

Loewe v. Lawler

208 U.S. 274 (1908)

Lawler v. Loewe

235 U.S. 522 (1915)

Dietrich Eduard Loewe (1852–1935) was a hat manufacturer in Danbury, Connecticut, who, in 1902, became the target of a boycott conducted first by the national hatters union and ultimately by the entire American Federation of Labor (AFL). Loewe responded by suing 250 members of the local hatters union in 1903. Under Connecticut law, he was permitted to “attach” the defendants’ homes and bank accounts to satisfy any judgment he might obtain. In 1908 the Supreme Court unanimously agreed with Loewe's contention that the boycott constituted a conspiracy in restraint of trade, which violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. Proceedings in the Danbury ...

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