100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.

Jo Carol LaFleur

Jo Carol LaFleur

Equal Rights for Women in the Workplace

“You're a Good Teacher, But You've Got to Take this Leave”

Cleveland Board of Education v. LaFleur

414 U.S. 632 (1974)

Jo Carol LaFleur (1947-) was a pioneer in the women's movement, but her aim in life was to be helpful to people in need. Her life changed in 1970 when she challenged a maternity leave policy that forced women to give up their jobs during pregnancy. In the 1950s and 1960s the number of women going to college began to increase as women both needed to work to support their families and wanted to take advantage of professional opportunities. Upon graduation, however, many young women found that the male-dominated workplace had little use for their ambition and ...

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