100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.
Jane E. Hodgson
Jane E. Hodgson
The Fight for Legal Abortion
“I Never Believed that Abortion Laws Would Change in My Lifetime”
Hodgson v. Minnesota
497 U.S. 417 (1990)
Jane E. Hodgson (1915-) was the first licensed physician in the United States to be criminally charged for performing a medically approved abortion in a hospital. She courageously challenged Minnesota's anti-abortion law in 1970, risking the loss of her medical license for this act of civil disobedience. Two decades later, in a case that was decided by the U.S. Supreme Court, she challenged a 1981 Minnesota law requiring that a pregnant teenage girl obtain consent from both her parents before being allowed to have an abortion.
A native of Crookston, Minnesota, Hodgson was the second daughter born to a county physician and a ...