100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.

Emma Goldman

Emma Goldman

Perils of an American Radical

“Wholly Wanting in Merit”

Goldman v. United States

245 U.S. 474 (1918)

Emma Goldman (1869–1940), the anarchist, lecturer, and feminist popularly known as “Red Emma,” was deported from the United States to the Soviet Union in 1919, following her release from prison. She had been held for conspiring with others to persuade young men not to register under the Selective Draft Law of May 18, 1917. As a result of her involuntary departure, America lost one of its more colorful and influential voices from the far left.

She was born in Kovno, Lithuania, to Jewish innkeepers Abraham and Taube Zodikoff Goldman. At the age of eight Goldman was sent to Königsberg (in Prussia) to attend Realschule; a few years later, she rejoined her ...

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