100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.
The Struggle for Gender Equality
“Man is no Longer the Sole Breadwinner of the Family”
Frontiero v. Richardson
411 U.S. 677 (1973)
Sharron Frontiero (1947-), a first lieutenant in the Air Force, was instrumental in advancing equal rights for women in the U.S. military. Her success in this arena, however, extended beyond the military and was influential in promoting and protecting equality of the sexes in American life. In the 1960s and 1970s women's rights groups were actively working to end discrimination in the law against women, especially in employment. In 1963 Congress passed the Equal Pay Act, which was aimed at eliminating unequal payment for men and women who performed substantially equal work. The following year Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII ...