100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.

Robinson Everett

Robinson Everett

Racial Redistricting in North Carolina

“If you Drove Down the Interstate with Both Doors Open …”

Shaw v. Reno

509 U.S. 630 (1993)

Shaw v. Hunt

517 U.S. 899 (1996)

Hunt v. Cromartie

526 U.S. 541 (1999)

Easley v. Cromartie

532 U.S. 234 (2001)

Robinson Oscar Everett, born in 1928, was both chief counsel and one of the plaintiffs in the protracted Shaw and Cromartie litigation challenging North Carolina's majority-minority congressional districting plans. These voting districts were deliberately designed so that minority groups, such as African Americans, comprise a majority of the voters. Everett's mother, Kathrine Robinson Everett, perhaps the greatest influence on his life, was the daughter of a Fayetteville, North Carolina, lawyer. One of the first women admitted to law school at the University of North Carolina, she graduated first in ...

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