100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.

Drew Caminetti and Maury Diggs

Drew Caminetti and Maury Diggs

Love and the Mann Act

“For any other Immoral Purpose”

Caminetti v. United States

242 U.S. 470 (1917)

Farley Drew Caminetti (known as Drew) and his friend Maury I. Diggs were the criminal defendants in the 1917 Supreme Court decision that determined whether the 1910 White Slave Traffic Act, or Mann Act, applied to interstate travel of girlfriends or was limited to trafficking in prostitutes. The opinion, fraught with political overtones, favored the position of religious groups that had been pressuring the U.S. Department of Justice to expand its interpretation of the Mann Act beyond the clearly expressed intentions of Congress.

In the spring of 1913 close friends Caminetti, twenty-seven, and Diggs, twenty-six, were both married and living in Sacramento, California. ...

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