100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea—the equal protection of the law—at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective “stories” about the individuals—heroes and scoundrels—who fought their way to constitutional history.

Linda Brown

Linda Brown

The Fight for Educational Equality

“When School Started we would Go these Opposite Directions”

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

347 U.S. 483 (1954)

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

349 U.S. 294 (1955)

Linda Brown's name heads one of the most famous and, arguably, important cases in U.S. Supreme Court history. The case laid the foundation for later efforts to dismantle racially segregated society in the American South and served as a catalyst for the civil rights movement. In addition, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) marked the start of a new role for the federal judiciary as the institution most engaged in the protection of minority rights. Needless to say, the case that saw a young schoolgirl challenge the constitutionality of the ...

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