Speaking Up to Leadership: How Homer’s Iliad Articulates the Benefits of Listening to Followers and the Dangers of Hero-Leadership


Homer’s Iliad provides several examples of key leaders disregarding the advice of subordinates. This case study investigates a series of examples assessing what is at stake for the leader/follower relationship. Homer seems especially interested in occasions where subordinates speak up to leadership, providing information that directly challenges the leader to make a tough decision. That is to say, these examples highlight a test of leadership and decision-making skills as seen from the perspective of the follower. We will work through key examples of Kalchas and Thersites on the Hellenic side, and Antenor and Poulydamas on the Trojan side. Each subordinate speaks up to leadership in either presenting accurate information or interpretations, or in being representative of larger concerns. As the consequences of decisions play out, Homer warns leaders what is at stake in refusing to listen. Students will be invited to see things from the follower’s perspective.

This case was prepared for inclusion in SAGE Business Cases primarily as a basis for classroom discussion or self-study, and is not meant to illustrate either effective or ineffective management styles. Nothing herein shall be deemed to be an endorsement of any kind. This case is for scholarly, educational, or personal use only within your university, and cannot be forwarded outside the university or used for other commercial purposes.

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