The maritime sector has for a long time remained outside of strict environmental regulations. In this case we look at shipping’s general environmental effects and then, in particular, at the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of shipping. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted an initial strategy on the reduction of GHG emissions from ships, setting out a vision of reducing carbon intensity from international shipping by 40% by 2030, and 70% by 2050, compared with 2008 levels. To be able to achieve these carbon neutrality targets, a substantial share of the worldwide fleet must be carbon neutral by 2050. Shipping vessels have a long lifespan of 20–30 years in operation, which means that vessels that are already built must emit much less carbon than their predecessors. In the case, we discuss alternative actions to decrease GHG emissions produced through shipping.
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