How can differences be understood in social theory through comparisons, and how should social theory relate to regional studies to do so? This question has been prevalent within the sociological field for over a century, but is becoming increasingly important in a globalised age in which cultural borders are constantly challenged and rapidly changing. In this collection, Arjomand and Reis illuminate the importance of exploring spatial, cultural and intellectual differences beyond generalizations, attempting to understand diversity in itself as it takes shape across the world. With contributions from internationally renowned scholars, and a focussed emphasis upon sociological key themes such as modernization, citizenship, human rights, inequality and domination, this title provides a rich and convincing discussion that will add significant value to the ongoing debate about alternative modernities, diversity and change within the social sciences.
Worlds of Difference constitutes an important and timely collection that will be of great inspiration for students and scholars alike.
Chapter 6: Two Types of Secularization: The Iranian Case
Two Types of Secularization: The Iranian Case
The Conflicted Field of Secularization
Secularization is generally defined as a process by which the place of religion within a society radically changes through the differentiation of the social spheres and their “specialization”. Religion becomes privatized and loses its primacy in ...