“Paxton and Hughes provide the most comprehensive coverage yet attempted of women's increasing role in electoral politics across the globe. Women, Politics, and Power should be a valuable contribution to courses in political sociology and globalization as well as gendered courses in politics.”
—AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY
Women, Politics, and Power provides a clear and detailed introduction to women's political participation and representation across a wide range of countries and regions. Using broad statistical overviews and detailed case-study accounts, authors Pamela Paxton and Melanie Hughes document both historical trends and the contemporary state of women's political strength across diverse countries. In addition to describing worldwide themes, the book acknowledges differences among women through attention to intersectionality and heterogeneity among women. Dedicated chapters on six geographic regions highlight the distinct paths women may take to political power in different parts of the world. There is simply no other book that offers such a thorough and multidisciplinary synthesis of research on women's political power around the world.
Chapter 4: Explaining the Political Representation of Women—Culture
Explaining the Political Representation of Women—Culture
The previous two chapters outlined women's struggle to participate as equals in political decision making. Why has it been such a struggle? And why have women succeeded in gaining political power in some places and not in others? In the next four chapters of the book, we address four broad explanations for differences in women's participation—(1) culture, (2) social structure, (3) politics, and (4) international influences—and consider how they interact to impact women's chances.
Gender and politics researchers often distinguish between two sets of factors that produce different levels of political representation for women across the world: supply-side factors and demand-side factors (Norris 1993; Paxton 1997; Randall 1987). Supply factors are those that increase the ...