Incorporates important recent changes in women's political participation and representation, such as the election of new women presidents and prime ministers and the continued spread of gender quotas Expanded coverage of women's political participation now includes women judges and women in local levels of governance Updated coverage of women's political representation in the Middle East and North Africa highlights events and issues since the Arab Spring Incorporates more than 100 new studies from the rapidly expanding field of gender and politics Includes an up-to-date discussion on gender quotas and their effects, including coverage of the trend towards “parity” quotas KEY FEATURES: Six chapters cover women's political power in specific geographic regions with case studies from all over the world Includes the latest information available on women in politics worldwide Charts, maps, and tables give visual overviews of the substantial variation in women's access to political power around the world, the growth in women's political power over time, and persistent obstacles to gender equality in politics

Women Struggle for Representation: Accessing Positions of Power

Women Struggle for Representation: Accessing Positions of Power

Women struggle for representation: Accessing positions of power

Once women had the vote, they had a voice in politics for the first time. They were formally represented in power, having the legal right to participate in politics on an equal basis with men. But, as discussed in Chapter 1, formal political equality is only the first step in achieving equal representation. Women now needed to fight for descriptive representation in the traditional halls of power. Slowly, over the course of the 20th century, women began to make inroads into areas of power typically held by men: Pioneering women became the first to hold political office, others led the way as presidents and prime ministers, and women began ...

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