Incorporates important recent changes in women's political participation and representation, such as the election of new women presidents and prime ministers and the continued spread of gender quotas Expanded coverage of women's political participation now includes women judges and women in local levels of governance Updated coverage of women's political representation in the Middle East and North Africa highlights events and issues since the Arab Spring Incorporates more than 100 new studies from the rapidly expanding field of gender and politics Includes an up-to-date discussion on gender quotas and their effects, including coverage of the trend towards “parity” quotas KEY FEATURES: Six chapters cover women's political power in specific geographic regions with case studies from all over the world Includes the latest information available on women in politics worldwide Charts, maps, and tables give visual overviews of the substantial variation in women's access to political power around the world, the growth in women's political power over time, and persistent obstacles to gender equality in politics

Women Struggle for the Vote: The History of Women’s Suffrage

Women struggle for the vote: The history of women’s suffrage

It requires philosophy and heroism to rise above the opinion of the wise men of all nations and races.

—Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Today in the United States, women vote in federal, state, and local elections more often than their male counterparts. For example, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, 9.6 million more women than men voted in the 2012 presidential election. During campaigns, nonpartisan organizations seek to increase women’s registration and turnout; political pundits talk about the influential vote of groups such as “soccer moms,” “security moms,” and unmarried women; and candidates and political parties develop strategies designed to address women’s interests. Women’s importance as a group ...

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