Incorporates important recent changes in women's political participation and representation, such as the election of new women presidents and prime ministers and the continued spread of gender quotas Expanded coverage of women's political participation now includes women judges and women in local levels of governance Updated coverage of women's political representation in the Middle East and North Africa highlights events and issues since the Arab Spring Incorporates more than 100 new studies from the rapidly expanding field of gender and politics Includes an up-to-date discussion on gender quotas and their effects, including coverage of the trend towards “parity” quotas KEY FEATURES: Six chapters cover women's political power in specific geographic regions with case studies from all over the world Includes the latest information available on women in politics worldwide Charts, maps, and tables give visual overviews of the substantial variation in women's access to political power around the world, the growth in women's political power over time, and persistent obstacles to gender equality in politics

Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-saharan africa

My administration shall empower Liberian women in all areas of our national life. We will support and increase the write of laws that restore their dignity and deal drastically with the crimes that dehumanize them.

—Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Africa’s first elected woman president, in her inauguration speech, January 16, 2006, Liberia

In 2008, Rwanda, a country roughly the size of Maryland located in the center of sub-Saharan Africa, made world history by becoming the first country to elect a national legislature with more women than men. Although Rwanda is no longer the only country to have elected a legislature with more than 50% women, Rwanda still leads the world in women’s representation at an extraordinary 64%.

Just a few decades ago, Rwandan women’s political ...

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