Incorporates important recent changes in women's political participation and representation, such as the election of new women presidents and prime ministers and the continued spread of gender quotas Expanded coverage of women's political participation now includes women judges and women in local levels of governance Updated coverage of women's political representation in the Middle East and North Africa highlights events and issues since the Arab Spring Incorporates more than 100 new studies from the rapidly expanding field of gender and politics Includes an up-to-date discussion on gender quotas and their effects, including coverage of the trend towards “parity” quotas KEY FEATURES: Six chapters cover women's political power in specific geographic regions with case studies from all over the world Includes the latest information available on women in politics worldwide Charts, maps, and tables give visual overviews of the substantial variation in women's access to political power around the world, the growth in women's political power over time, and persistent obstacles to gender equality in politics

Explaining the Political Representation of Women—Social Structure

Explaining the political representation of women—social structure

It is clear from the previous chapter that ideas, beliefs, and attitudes toward women in politics may constrain the number of women who run for public office. However, it is also important to consider how a country’s social structure affects women’s political participation and the supply of potential women politicians. It seems logical that when the structures of a society treat men and women more equally, women will be more able to compete against men for power. According to structural perspectives, the family, education system, labor force, and other societal structures can be configured in ways that prevent women from gaining the skills necessary to participate in politics or compete against ...

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