Incorporates important recent changes in women's political participation and representation, such as the election of new women presidents and prime ministers and the continued spread of gender quotas Expanded coverage of women's political participation now includes women judges and women in local levels of governance Updated coverage of women's political representation in the Middle East and North Africa highlights events and issues since the Arab Spring Incorporates more than 100 new studies from the rapidly expanding field of gender and politics Includes an up-to-date discussion on gender quotas and their effects, including coverage of the trend towards “parity” quotas KEY FEATURES: Six chapters cover women's political power in specific geographic regions with case studies from all over the world Includes the latest information available on women in politics worldwide Charts, maps, and tables give visual overviews of the substantial variation in women's access to political power around the world, the growth in women's political power over time, and persistent obstacles to gender equality in politics

Explaining the Political Representation of Women—Culture

Explaining the political representation of women—culture

The previous two chapters outlined women’s struggle to participate as equals in political decision making. Why has it been such a struggle? And why have women succeeded in gaining political power in some places and not in others? In the next four chapters of the book, we address four broad explanations for differences in women’s participation—(1) culture, (2) social structure, (3) politics, and (4) international influences—and consider how they interact to affect women’s chances.

Gender and politics researchers often distinguish between two sets of factors that produce different levels of political representation for women across the world: supply-side factors and demand-side factors (Norris 1993; Paxton 1997; Randall 1987). Supply factors are those that increase ...

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