• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Women in Science and Technology: Confronting Inequalities comprehensively explores women’s status in the Science and Technology (S&T) domain by rigorously analysing and interpreting extensive recent information on major areas such as engineering, medicine, physical sciences, biosciences and mathematics. The book forcefully demonstrates that gender-based differences and expectations play the determining role in limiting women’s participation in S&T. These exist in various forms, from making subject choices in school and opting for specific disciplines in college to embracing specific career avenues such as scientific research. This book shows how the construction of gendered identities is perpetuated through a masculine culture in the informal environment of elite educational institutes and in major S&T workplaces such as academia and research laboratories, which serve together to exclude women from peer groups and opportunities for advancement. The book makes substantive recommendations for policy measures on college admissions, improvement of institutional and organizational environments, and recruitment and capacity building for women in S&T. It calls for substantially reducing the myriad societal and familial barriers through cooperation and understanding

Gender in S&T Organizations
Gender in S&T organizations
Introduction

Scientific research is conducted in organizations and the latter are believed to be rational and gender-neutral. However, this belief masks a gender culture that hinders full utilization of the potential of women scientists. Although there is men's dominance in the scientific research organizations, this dominance is not a simple function of a lack of critical mass of women but a product of patriarchal relations in society woven with the context of practice of science and the organizational milieu. This chapter first focuses on the structural and normative factors that favour men in science and then shows how certain sociocultural norms that devalue women in public spaces lead to a gendered position of women in science. The ‘structural ...

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