Women in Science and Technology: Confronting Inequalities comprehensively explores women’s status in the Science and Technology (S&T) domain by rigorously analysing and interpreting extensive recent information on major areas such as engineering, medicine, physical sciences, biosciences and mathematics. The book forcefully demonstrates that gender-based differences and expectations play the determining role in limiting women’s participation in S&T. These exist in various forms, from making subject choices in school and opting for specific disciplines in college to embracing specific career avenues such as scientific research. This book shows how the construction of gendered identities is perpetuated through a masculine culture in the informal environment of elite educational institutes and in major S&T workplaces such as academia and research laboratories, which serve together to exclude women from peer groups and opportunities for advancement. The book makes substantive recommendations for policy measures on college admissions, improvement of institutional and organizational environments, and recruitment and capacity building for women in S&T. It calls for substantially reducing the myriad societal and familial barriers through cooperation and understanding

Higher Education in S&T: Gendered Domains and Institutes

Higher education in S&T: Gendered domains and institutes

This chapter is divided into two parts. Part I of the chapter gives an overview of the higher education system, choice of courses, institutes and the relationship between gender and decisions made after the final year of school (class XII). Entry in higher education, that is, education after clearing the final year of school is marked by the need to make choices which has considerable bearing on one's career. For the science students, these choices include which institute to opt for and which course to study within the broad science streams selected earlier. This section analyses how choices of students at this stage, and later placements or career decisions, ...

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