Women, Gender and Disaster: Global Issues and Initiatives examines gender within the context of disaster risk management. It argues for gender mainstreaming as an effective strategy towards achieving disaster risk reduction and mitigating post-disaster gender disparity. Highlighting that gender inequalities pervade all aspects of life, it analyses the failure to implement inclusive and gender-sensitive approaches to relief and rehabilitation work. While examining positive strategies for change, the collection focuses on women’s knowledge, capabilities, leadership and experience in community resource management. The authors emphasize that these strengths in women, which are required for building resilience to hazards and disasters, are frequently overlooked. This timely book will be extremely useful to policy makers and professionals active in the field of disaster management and to academics and students in gender studies, social work, environmental studies and development studies.

Women in the Great Hanshin Earthquake

Women in the Great Hanshin Earthquake

Women in the great Hanshin Earthquake
ReikoMasai, LisaKuzunishi and TamiyoKondo

The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake was the largest post-war earthquake, causing severe damage in a densely populated urban area and claiming 6,434 lives and injuring more than 43,000 people (Hyogo Prefecture 2002). One of the main characteristics of the Great Hanshin Earthquake was the major housing damage that led directly to the deaths of many people. More than 110,000 buildings collapsed completely and were burned by fire (Table 10.1). Most of the deaths were caused by the collapse of buildings, especially old wooden houses built according to outdated building standards. The majority of victims were elderly people, most of whom were socially weak. At the time of the quake, 14,951 households within ...

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