This collection of original research articles explores how race, ethnicity, and social class have shaped the work lives of women. Women and Work explores womenÆs working conditions, their wages and salaries, their abilities to control their work environments, and how they see themselves and their options in the workplace. A great deal of importance is given to women of color, non-citizens, and working-class womenùgroups that are often neglected in other treatments of this subject. The integration of work and family, womenÆs vision of their own work and consciousness as employees, and womenÆs resistance to exploitative and limiting work are themes are also addressed throughout this book. Written by and interdisciplinary group of women scholars, Women and Work will be of interest to faculty, researchers, and advanced students in the fields of sociology, organization studies, psychology, gender studies, womenÆs history, and economics.
Manufacturing and Domestic Service
Both factory work and private household work have played a significant part in the employment histories of women from working-class, working-poor, immigrant, and minority ethnic/racial communities. Moreover, over the past century the two kinds of occupations have been closely related, with household labor providing labor market elasticity and absorbing some of the reserve army of the unemployed during downturns in the business cycle. Although laborers in factories are frequently exposed to health hazards not found in private households, employment in factories offers autonomy and other attractions that are absent from domestic service. Factory work has traditionally offered women independence, better pay than domestic work, and social security, medical, and other benefits. However, factory jobs have not been universally ...