··Awarded the Descartes Prize 2004 of the European Commission·· How do gender inequalities translate at the top of politics and business? Is the gender gap eliminated for the most influential players in industrial democratic society? This informed and compelling analysis examines the demographic characteristics, family circumstances and career paths of a group of elite women. The book is noteworthy for being one of the first empirically based studies of women elites. Drawing on a sample from no less than 27 countries, a convincing and highly original picture is constructed that informs readers of career paths, values, social networks and gender battles for women elites. Co-ordinated by Mino Vianello and Gwen Moore, the research fills in a huge gap about how power actually operates in industrial-democratic societies. It enables us to test the view that substantial equality between the sexes has been achieved in the twenty first century. It constitutes a landmark work, both in the study of gender difference and the analysis of power. The findings will be of interest to academics and advanced students in a wide range of disciplines including stratification, globalization, political science, international relations, gender, sociology, organizational studies and much more.
Chapter 6: Social Capital: Mentors and Contacts
Social Capital: Mentors and Contacts
Many social and personal factors contribute to the achievement of an elite position. In this article, we examine informal factors, specifically mentors and personal contacts, in two dozen industrialized democratic countries.1,2 Looking at the small number of women in top positions and men in comparable posts, we ask whether social capital in the form of personal contacts with powerful actors has been equally important to women and men in elite positions. We investigate gender differences and similarities in the presence of mentors and in the breadth of elite contacts among these national leaders.
A common theme in writing on leading positions in business and politics posits that women are disadvantaged in informal male-dominated networks and cultures even ...