··Awarded the Descartes Prize 2004 of the European Commission·· How do gender inequalities translate at the top of politics and business? Is the gender gap eliminated for the most influential players in industrial democratic society? This informed and compelling analysis examines the demographic characteristics, family circumstances and career paths of a group of elite women. The book is noteworthy for being one of the first empirically based studies of women elites. Drawing on a sample from no less than 27 countries, a convincing and highly original picture is constructed that informs readers of career paths, values, social networks and gender battles for women elites. Co-ordinated by Mino Vianello and Gwen Moore, the research fills in a huge gap about how power actually operates in industrial-democratic societies. It enables us to test the view that substantial equality between the sexes has been achieved in the twenty first century. It constitutes a landmark work, both in the study of gender difference and the analysis of power. The findings will be of interest to academics and advanced students in a wide range of disciplines including stratification, globalization, political science, international relations, gender, sociology, organizational studies and much more.
Chapter 5: Values
Women's participation in public life and their presence among the power elites – either through election or nomination – are minimal, as is well known. The process of democratization, observed in many parts of the world, is not accompanied by a significant growth in the number of senior positions within economic and political structures being occupied by women; especially when we consider decision-making positions. Half of the world's population is largely absent from the bodies responsible for political decisions. In mid-2000, there were only about 5100 female representatives in all the parliaments of the world; they thus accounted for just 13.8 percent of all parliamentary representatives. These figures indicate that there has been little growth since 1987, when they accounted for 9 percent (Inter-Parliamentary ...