··Awarded the Descartes Prize 2004 of the European Commission·· How do gender inequalities translate at the top of politics and business? Is the gender gap eliminated for the most influential players in industrial democratic society? This informed and compelling analysis examines the demographic characteristics, family circumstances and career paths of a group of elite women. The book is noteworthy for being one of the first empirically based studies of women elites. Drawing on a sample from no less than 27 countries, a convincing and highly original picture is constructed that informs readers of career paths, values, social networks and gender battles for women elites. Co-ordinated by Mino Vianello and Gwen Moore, the research fills in a huge gap about how power actually operates in industrial-democratic societies. It enables us to test the view that substantial equality between the sexes has been achieved in the twenty first century. It constitutes a landmark work, both in the study of gender difference and the analysis of power. The findings will be of interest to academics and advanced students in a wide range of disciplines including stratification, globalization, political science, international relations, gender, sociology, organizational studies and much more.
Chapter 2: Demographic Characteristics and Family Life
Demographic Characteristics and Family Life
If one were to interview a random sample of the population, one would find few women at the top and many men, as a consequence of the greater difficulties besetting women in the path to professional success; one would therefore conclude that many women have had to or have preferred to sacrifice career for family. In the case of the research presented here, however, the situation is the opposite: the women interviewed have achieved successful careers, just like the men interviewed, to whom they are of equal status in terms of both professional accomplishment and working commitment. This raises a few questions: in order to have reached the top, have these women enjoyed conditions on ...