With the proposed development of the ‘youth professional’ and the consolidation of graduate professional qualifications, this is an important time for youth work. This book sets out the current state of debate about youth work for those considering, or about to embark on, a degree course. Contemporary debates in youth work are explored, and help to give students a sense of its history and its future contribution. By combining the experience of its editors and the contemporaneous experience of the voices of contributors, this book provides an excellent introduction to work as a youth worker in the twenty-first century.

Anti-racism to Community Cohesion

Anti-racism to Community Cohesion

Anti-racism to community cohesion
Kalbir Shukra

Chapter Objectives

The objectives of this chapter are to:

  • outline the historical background and development of policies and practices focused on ‘race’ and ‘ethnic minorities’ in the UK, and the responses of black groups and communities to these;
  • examine the meaning of multiculturalism and its implications for youth work;
  • look critically at the shift of government policies from anti-racism and multiculturalism to community cohesion and its implications for youth work.


Community cohesion, which became a watchword in early twenty-first-century urban youth work in Britain, assumes that a shared sense of belonging is crucial to binding a community together, with justice and fairness and intercultural dialogue providing the key components of most its programmes. It has displaced anti-racism (organising to oppose racialised ...

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