• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Waves of Democracy looks at two centuries of history of democratization as a series of multicontinental episodes in which social movements and elite power holders in many countries converged to reorganize political systems. Democracy is defined and redefined in these episodes. John Markoff examines several ways in which governing elites of national states mimic each other and ways in which social movements and elites interact. There is no other book written for undergraduates that looks at democracy over such a broad sweep of time and across so many countries and cultures.

Semidemocracy, Pseudodemocracy, Democracy
Semidemocracy, pseudodemocracy, democracy

Toward the beginning of the modern era of democratization, in the late 1780s, the French monarchy was floundering in a profound crisis. Its resources were depleted, its credit was gone, but its expenses were great. Rather than just accept its demands for taxes, powerful social groups were insisting that the ...

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