• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Waves of Democracy looks at two centuries of history of democratization as a series of multicontinental episodes in which social movements and elite power holders in many countries converged to reorganize political systems. Democracy is defined and redefined in these episodes. John Markoff examines several ways in which governing elites of national states mimic each other and ways in which social movements and elites interact. There is no other book written for undergraduates that looks at democracy over such a broad sweep of time and across so many countries and cultures.

Eighteenth-Century Revolution, Nineteenth-Century Eddies
Eighteenth-century revolution, nineteenth-century eddies

Around 1770, most governments of large territorial states were headed by monarchs, whose position was inherited and authority was held to derive from God. Most people were not “citizens” of any state, with clearly defined rights to engage ...

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