Offering a unique and interdisciplinary focus on the roots of violence, Violent Crime: Clinical and Social Implications explores cutting-edge research on the etiology, nature, assessment, and treatment of individuals who commit violent crimes. This edited volume covers the foundations of criminal behavior, offers a balanced discussion of both environmental and biological research, and includes articles written by top researchers and scholars in the field. In Part I, Violent Crime examines the origins of violence, including family and other social factors, media violence, genetics, biochemistry, and head injuries. Part II delves into research on specific subgroups of offenders, including sex offenders, domestic violence perpetrators, murderers, and serial murderers. Part III focuses on issues related to victimology, prevention, and the treatment of violent offenders.
Draws from a wide range of disciplines, including criminology, sociology, biology, medical science, genetics, clinical psychology, and psychiatry; Introduces students to cutting-edge research on genetic, biochemical, and traumatic brain injury-related causes and correlates of violent crime; Presents a systematic introduction to the current state of the field (and its likely future) through articles from leading researchers in the various subfields of violent crime; Includes case studies with salient, fascinating examples of actual crimes and criminals to help students understand key points; Offers an international focus, with authors from Canada, England, Greece, and Spain, as well as from the United States; Provides end-of-chapter learning aids, including summaries, discussion questions, Internet resources, and suggestions for further reading
A must-read for any student of criminological research, Violent Crime: Clinical and Social Implications can be used as a core or supplementary text in undergraduate and graduate courses on Violent Crime, Interpersonal Violence, and Social Deviance.
Chapter 5: The Biochemistry of Violent Crime
The Biochemistry of Violent Crime
The study of crime and criminals has historically been monopolized by scholars advocating the salience of social factors in the development of antisocial behaviors. Dominant mainstream criminological theories, for example, posit that neighborhoods, families, parents, peers, and other social institutions are causal agents of crime and delinquency. While these perspectives have accrued varying degrees of empirical support, they all are guilty of at least one serious shortcoming: They have pretended that biological factors are unimportant in the genesis of violent behaviors (but see Moffitt, 1993). This is a serious oversight, especially given that there is now a considerable amount of research revealing that biology can—and, indeed, does—have profound effects on physical aggression and violence (Niehoff, 1999; ...