Offering a unique and interdisciplinary focus on the roots of violence, Violent Crime: Clinical and Social Implications explores cutting-edge research on the etiology, nature, assessment, and treatment of individuals who commit violent crimes. This edited volume covers the foundations of criminal behavior, offers a balanced discussion of both environmental and biological research, and includes articles written by top researchers and scholars in the field. In Part I, Violent Crime examines the origins of violence, including family and other social factors, media violence, genetics, biochemistry, and head injuries. Part II delves into research on specific subgroups of offenders, including sex offenders, domestic violence perpetrators, murderers, and serial murderers. Part III focuses on issues related to victimology, prevention, and the treatment of violent offenders.
Draws from a wide range of disciplines, including criminology, sociology, biology, medical science, genetics, clinical psychology, and psychiatry; Introduces students to cutting-edge research on genetic, biochemical, and traumatic brain injury-related causes and correlates of violent crime; Presents a systematic introduction to the current state of the field (and its likely future) through articles from leading researchers in the various subfields of violent crime; Includes case studies with salient, fascinating examples of actual crimes and criminals to help students understand key points; Offers an international focus, with authors from Canada, England, Greece, and Spain, as well as from the United States; Provides end-of-chapter learning aids, including summaries, discussion questions, Internet resources, and suggestions for further reading
A must-read for any student of criminological research, Violent Crime: Clinical and Social Implications can be used as a core or supplementary text in undergraduate and graduate courses on Violent Crime, Interpersonal Violence, and Social Deviance.
Chapter 15: Victimology
Criminal victimization is common in the United States and has been part of the American landscape since colonial times (Friedman, 1993). Millions of Americans have fallen victim to violent, property, or other kinds of crimes each year (Herman & Waul, 2004). The number and type of crimes reported to the police and in victimization surveys wax and wane, for reasons that baffle criminologists and other experts. Changes in crime rates are usually correlated with changes in the economy, illegal drug markets, crime control strategies, and the population's age distribution (Blumstein & Wallman, 2000). Specifically, a high unemployment rate, the introduction of a new illicit drug sold by rival gangs, the adoption of public-order policing tactics, and a large population between the ages of 16 ...