In this compelling and timely book, Violence and Society, Larry Ray offers a wide-ranging and integrated account of the many manifestations of violence in society. He examines violent behavior and its meanings in contemporary culture and throughout history.
Introducing the major theoretical debates, the book examines different levels of violence – interpersonal, institutional and collective – and different forms of violence such as racist crime, homophobic crime and genocide. It provides readers with a succinct and comprehensive overview of its nature and effects, and the solutions and conflict resolutions involved in responses to violence.
Interdisciplinary in its approach, the text draws on evidence from sociology, criminology, primate studies and archaeology to shed light on arguments about the social construction and innate nature of violence. Engaging, wide-reaching and authoritative, this is essential reading for students, academics and researchers in sociology, criminology, social psychology and cultural studies.
Chapter 5: Masculinities and Violence
The claim that men commit most acts of physical violence is possibly the nearest that criminology has come to producing an indisputable fact. (Hall 2002)
Crime, especially violent crime, is an overwhelmingly masculine activity. This gender pattern is not new – males have been over-represented in all major violent crime categories since the collection of crime statistics began and the same pattern is found in all countries. According to the UK National Statistics office in 2006, 1.42 million offenders were sentenced for criminal offences in England and Wales, the majority of whom (80 per cent) were male and of these 7 per cent were less than 18 years old. In the teenage years, the gap between girls and boys ...