In this compelling and timely book, Violence and Society, Larry Ray offers a wide-ranging and integrated account of the many manifestations of violence in society. He examines violent behavior and its meanings in contemporary culture and throughout history.

Introducing the major theoretical debates, the book examines different levels of violence – interpersonal, institutional and collective – and different forms of violence such as racist crime, homophobic crime and genocide. It provides readers with a succinct and comprehensive overview of its nature and effects, and the solutions and conflict resolutions involved in responses to violence.

Interdisciplinary in its approach, the text draws on evidence from sociology, criminology, primate studies and archaeology to shed light on arguments about the social construction and innate nature of violence. Engaging, wide-reaching and authoritative, this is essential reading for students, academics and researchers in sociology, criminology, social psychology and cultural studies.

Spaces of Violence

Spaces of violence

You cannot cheat with the law of conservation of violence: all violence is paid for, and … the structural violence exerted by the financial markets, in the form of layoffs, loss of security, etc., is matched sooner or later in the form of suicides, crime and major everyday acts of violence. (Bourdieu 1998: 39–40)

This is in many ways a core chapter since it makes the link between macrosocial structures and cultures of everyday life. The process of enclosure was central, in different ways, to both Elias's and Foucault's theories of modernity. The space of the modern city is increasingly enclosed through internal security, CCTV, regulations on behaviour (e.g., controls on alcohol consumption and dress codes), architectures of control that manage ...

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