Organized around the intersecting social divisions of class, race, age, and gender, the book provides an engaging and authoritative overview of the nature of victimisation in society. In addition to a review of the major theoretical developments in relation to understanding aspects of victimization in society, individual chapters explore the political and social context of victimisation and the historical, comparative, and contemporary research and scholarly work on it. Each chapter includes the following:- Background and glossary- Theory, research and policy review - `Thinking critically about...' sections- Reflections and future research directions- Summary and conclusions- Annotated bibliographyVictims, Crime and Society is the essential text on victims for students of criminology, criminal justice, community safety, youth justice and related areas.
Chapter 5: ‘Race’, Ethnicity, Victims and Crime
‘Race’, Ethnicity, Victims and Crime
- To describe patterns of victimization, risk and vulnerability by ethnic origin.
- To outline political and policy responses to violent racism.
- To situate and conceptualize violent racism.
- To discuss criminology's attempt to explain violent racism.
Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) people experience a range of crimes and social harms. Since 1988, the British Crime Survey (BCS) has reported that BME groups have a higher risk of victimization than white people. It has also identified variations between and within BME groups as well as between different offence categories (Fitzgerald and Hale, 1995; Clancy et al., 2001; Salisbury and Upson, 2004). ...