The authors use the tools of philosophy and the insights from evaluation practice to cut through current confusion about values and the interplay of facts and values. Four views of facts and values in evaluation are analyzed: those rooted in a fact-value dichotomy and those of radical constructivists, postmodernists, and deliberative democrats. The arguments are tough, the prose concise, and the insights compelling.
Facts and Values
In the first undergraduate philosophy course, starting with the pre-Socratic philosophers, instructors often introduce students to Zeno's paradox, one form of which is that if you try to leave the room, at some point in time you will be halfway to the door. An instant later you will be half that distance, then half ...