Engaging firmly in the debate, this book calls into question the dominance of evidence-based practice and sets out an alternative vision of care which places holism, professional judgment, intuition, and client choice at its center. Bringing together writers from a range of health and social care backgrounds, the book describes the rise of evidence-based practice and explores major criticisms of the approach. It argues that evidence should be seen as part of a broader vision of practice which places equal value on a holistic vision of the needs of patients and clients, professional knowledge and intuition, and seeing patients and clients as partners in their care. Case studies are used throughout the book to help readers link the concepts to practice.
Chapter 4: Values of Reductionism and Values of Holism
Values of Reductionism and Values of Holism
Many readers of this text may be concerned about what it is to be human in a world that is ever-changing, complex and dynamic – in short, what is the human condition? Part of being human, in evolutionary or developmental terms, involves attempting to understand where we fit as mere ‘particles’ within the wider universe and where the atoms fit within our own individual, sub-universal selves. In our search for this understanding, our ‘gaze’ has been drawn to the heavens (holism) (James, 1984) as well as to the depths of the Soul (reductionism) (Rosenberg, 2006). Although, for many of us, our search continues, we can begin ...