Classroom teachers have the awesome responsibility of providing effective instruction for the increasingly diverse population of children they see in their classrooms each year. Today's classrooms are characterized by diversity of student ability, achievement, social and emotional development, background experience, culture, language, and economic means. Because teachers are responsible for providing effective instruction to all students, they must design instruction that facilitates universal access to the curriculum. This is called universal design of learning (Center for Applied Special Technology, 2007). When applied to instructional planning in inclusive classrooms, universal design incorporates various levels of support and flexible teaching methods, materials, and assessments. Planning for the range of diverse learning needs is built into the universal design framework. This can ...
Universal Design and Response to Intervention