The use of randomised controlled trials (RCTs), most commonly a medical sciences research tool, is a hotly debated topic in Education. This book examines the controversial aspects of RCTs in Education and sets out the potential and pitfalls of the method. Drawing on their own extensive experience of running RCTs, the authors provide a thorough practical introduction to the use of randomised controlled trials in education. Using real data sets, chapters equip the reader with all of the key knowledge and skills required to design, run, analyse and report an RCT. Coverage includes: • Step-by-step guidance on analysing data • How to assess the reliability and validity of results • Advice on balancing the demands of various stakeholders Essential reading for postgraduate and more experienced researchers, as well as teachers and educationalists seeking to increase their knowledge and understanding of the use of such methods in education.

The Fundamentals of Analysing RCT Data

The Fundamentals of Analysing RCT Data

Introduction

The following two chapters will focus on how to analyse RCT data; this chapter will begin by setting out clearly and comprehensively the overall approach to analysing RCT data whereas Chapter 5 considers important extensions to this main approach for dealing with different types of data. At the heart of the analysis of data from RCTs is a technique known as linear regression. How we analyse RCT data and interpret and report the findings from such an analysis requires a solid understanding of this technique. This chapter will therefore provide an overview of the technique in general before then looking at how it is used, more specifically, in the analysis of RCT data. ...

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