Urban Regeneration is widely discussed but less widely understood. Fully revised with important new policy, case studies and international analysis, the Second Edition of Urban Regeneration will correct that. The 16 chapters, written by leading experts, are organised into four sections: • The Context for Urban Regeneration: The history and evolution • Major Themes and Topics: Including Housing, Community, Employment and the Environment • Key Issues in Managing Urban Regeneration: Including Legal and Organisational considerations • Experience Elsewhere and a View of the Future: Expanded section now discussing Australia and the Celtic Fringe as well as Europe and the USA This is the essential handbook for practitioners involved in regeneration, as well as students of planning, urban studies, geography and architecture.
Chapter 5: Physical and Environmental Aspects
Physical and Environmental Aspects
The physical appearance and environmental quality of cities and neighbourhoods are highly potent symbols of their prosperity and of the quality of life and confidence of their enterprises and citizens. Run-down housing estates, tracts of vacant land and derelict factories, and decaying city centres are the all too visible faces of poverty and economic decline. More often than not they are the symptoms of decline or of a town’s inability to adapt quickly enough to rapid social and economic change. However, inefﬁcient and inappropriate infrastructure or worn-out and obsolescent buildings can be a cause of decline in their own right. They fail to serve the needs of enterprises in new and growing sectors and impose ...