- Subject index
Following the Second World War, modern systems of urban and regional planning were established in Britain and most other developed countries. In this book, Nigel Taylor describes the changes in planning thought which have taken place since then. He outlines the main theories of planning, from the traditional view of urban planning as an exercise in physical design, to the systems and rational process views of planning of the 1960s; from Marxist accounts of the role of planning in capitalist society in the 1970s, to theories about planning implementation, and more recent views of planning as a form of `communicative action'.
Chapter 5: Planning as a Political Process
Planning as a Political Process
Modernism and Urban Protest
Alongside the 1960s belief in progress based on reason and science sat another distinguishing mark of modernism, namely, an inclination to believe that the world could be made better by casting aside tradition and constructing things anew from ‘first principles’ based on ‘pure’ reason.1 This anti-traditionalist tendency again had its roots in the European Enlightenment of the eighteenth century, and was given political expression by the American and French revolutions which sought to construct a new social and political order based on axiomatic principles (such as the rights of man) derived from reason rather than tradition.2
At the beginning of the twentieth century, the modernist desire to break away radically from the past was ...