- Subject index
Following the Second World War, modern systems of urban and regional planning were established in Britain and most other developed countries. In this book, Nigel Taylor describes the changes in planning thought which have taken place since then. He outlines the main theories of planning, from the traditional view of urban planning as an exercise in physical design, to the systems and rational process views of planning of the 1960s; from Marxist accounts of the role of planning in capitalist society in the 1970s, to theories about planning implementation, and more recent views of planning as a form of `communicative action'.
Chapter 3: Early Critiques of Post-War Planning Theory
Early Critiques of Post-War Planning Theory
Introduction: The ‘Golden Age’ of Post-War Planning?
The historian Eric Hobsbawm (1994) has described the period from the end of the Second World War to the early 1970s in western Europe and North America as a ‘golden age’ in what has otherwise been a bleak and unstable century. In spite of an initial period of post-war austerity (it was not until 1949 that rationing was abolished in Britain) and the emergence of a ‘cold war’ (with the threat of nuclear war) between the USSR and the capitalist west, the post-war period was one of renewed hope and optimism. This optimism was reinforced in the 1950s and 1960s when the economies of the capitalist west experienced ...