- Subject index
Following the Second World War, modern systems of urban and regional planning were established in Britain and most other developed countries. In this book, Nigel Taylor describes the changes in planning thought which have taken place since then. He outlines the main theories of planning, from the traditional view of urban planning as an exercise in physical design, to the systems and rational process views of planning of the 1960s; from Marxist accounts of the role of planning in capitalist society in the 1970s, to theories about planning implementation, and more recent views of planning as a form of `communicative action'.
Chapter 2: The Values of Post-War Planning Theory
The Values of Post-War Planning Theory
The Normative Context: A Culture of Social Reform and Conservative Sentiments
Town planning as an exercise in physical planning and design represented a particular theory of what kind of an activity town planning is – in other words, a ‘formal’ or ‘definitional’ theory of planning. However, British post-war planning was also driven by a distinct set of values which, when generalised, amounted to a normative theory of what constituted the ideal physical environment which it should be the task of town planning to try to bring about. The internationalism of town planning as physical planning and design was emphasised in Chapter 1. However, the values which drove British post-war planning were more particular to that ...