- Subject index
This accessible and original text combines a systematic examination of the theories of welfare with an historical account of the evolution of the welfare state and its impact in promoting social justice. It identifies the principles governing social distribution and examines the rationales for these different distributive principles. This book also links the theories of distribution to the actual development of social policy and considers their outcomes. State Welfare will be essential reading for students of social policy. It provides a clear understanding of both theories of welfare and the history of the development of the British welfare state.
Chapter 8: New Labour, Social Exclusion and Social Justice
New Labour, Social Exclusion and Social Justice
New, ‘New’, New Labour
Labour had failed to understand that the old working class was becoming a new middle class: aspiring, consuming, choosing what was best for themselves and their families. They had outgrown crude collectivism and left it behind in the supermarket car-park. (Gould, 1998: 4)
In the mid-1980s the Labour Party was committed to demand management for full employment, a modest programme of public ownership, support for the ‘producer’ rights of trade unions and a universal welfare state financed from progressive taxation. After the 1987 election defeat, the ‘modernisers’ in the party denounced this programme as an electoral albatross and incompatible with economic success in a new global market. The quest began ...