• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This accessible and original text combines a systematic examination of the theories of welfare with an historical account of the evolution of the welfare state and its impact in promoting social justice. It identifies the principles governing social distribution and examines the rationales for these different distributive principles. This book also links the theories of distribution to the actual development of social policy and considers their outcomes. State Welfare will be essential reading for students of social policy. It provides a clear understanding of both theories of welfare and the history of the development of the British welfare state.

Redistributive State Welfare?
Redistributive state welfare?

It is commonplace to portray the welfare state as it existed between 1944 and 1976 as a single entity. Dubbed the ‘classic welfare state’ (Lowe, 1999; Digby, 1989; Digby and Stewart, 1996; Gladstone, 1999) it has been represented as the outcome of a range of ‘post war settlements’, gradually ‘developing into a systematic structure’ (Clarke and Langan, 1993: 30) and enduring until the ‘unsettlements’ of the late 1970s (Hughes and Lewis, 1998). However, by 1976, the welfare state had changed sufficiently to cast doubt on the notion that it belonged to the same genus as the welfare state of the late 1940s.

Stop/Go: Conservative Social Policy 1951 to 1964

Rowntree's third poverty study concluded ‘whereas the proportion of the working-class population living ...

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