- Subject index
This accessible and original text combines a systematic examination of the theories of welfare with an historical account of the evolution of the welfare state and its impact in promoting social justice. It identifies the principles governing social distribution and examines the rationales for these different distributive principles. This book also links the theories of distribution to the actual development of social policy and considers their outcomes. State Welfare will be essential reading for students of social policy. It provides a clear understanding of both theories of welfare and the history of the development of the British welfare state.
Chapter 5: The Welfare State and Social Justice
The Welfare State and Social Justice
If we speak of economic reconstruction, we think less of maximum production (though this too will be required) than of equitable distribution.
The first use of the term ‘welfare state’ is credited to William Temple who, when Archbishop of York, published Citizen and Churchman in which he contrasted the ‘power’ states of the dictators with the ‘welfare’ states emerging in democracies. Clement Attlee adopted the phrase as a campaign slogan in the 1950 General Election and, by the early 1950s, it was in widespread use. It entered the Oxford English Dictionary in 1955 aptly described as ‘a polity so organised that every member of the community is assured of his due ...